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Probing the energy reactance with adiabatically driven quantum dots

Maria Florencia Ludovico, Liliana Arrachea, Michael Moskalets, David Sanchez

The tunneling Hamiltonian describes a particle transfer from one region to the other. While there is no particle storage in the tunneling region itself, it has associated certain amount of energy. We name the corresponding flux energy reactance since, like an electrical reactance, it manifests itself in time-dependent transport only. Noticeably, this quantity is crucial to reproduce the universal charge relaxation resistance for a single-channel quantum capacitor at low temperatures. We show that a conceptually simple experiment is capable of demonstrating the existence of the energy reactance.

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ArXiv number: 1708.02856 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.041416